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Gum disease stages, gum disease symptoms, gum disease signs

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Stages of Gum Disease
If left untreated, gum disease progresses thru different stages, causing more and more destruction, and making each next step more difficult to treat. The following illustrations, courtesy of OralB company shows the diagrams of gum disease development. Timely treatment and prophylaxis is essential in prevention of teeth loss.

  HEALTHY GUMShealthygums.jpg

 

  • Gums are firm
  • Gums are light pink
  • Hug the teeth tightly
  • Don't bleed when brushed
  • Gum Pocket depth when measured is no more than 2mm





GINGIVITISgingivitis.jpg
First stage of periodontal or gum disease which involves soft tissue only: bone has not been affected at this point.
  • Gums bleed when brushed or probed
  • Inflammation and redness present
  • Possible bad breath
  • Pockets could be more than 2 mm
 This stage of gum disease is reversable as no permanent tissue damage is done.




MILD PERIODONTITISmildperiodontitis.jpg

This is the second stage of gum disease where bone starting to get affected
  • Gums bleed very easily
  • Gum swelling is more pronounced
  • Gum pocket depth reaches 3-4mm
  • Bad breath/taste
  • Loss of firmness and texture
  • Loss of the attachment fibers
  • Bone loss may be evident on x-rays

MODERATE PERIODONTITISmoderateperiodontitis.jpg
  • Gum line starts to recede and teeth appear to be longer
  • Sensitivity may appear
  • Abscesses or gum boils may appear
  • Pain may appear
  • Teeth may shift and spaces can form between teeth
  • Redness and bleeding is very apparent
  • Further inflammation and loss of texture
  • Mobility of teeth
  • Neck of the tooth get exposed
  • Visible part of the tooth (clinical crown) looks elongated
  • Pocket depths 4-6mm
  • Significant bone loss is detected with x-ray
  • Faulty smells appear
 This stage of gum disease may be accompanied by pain and acute inflammation.


ADVANCED PERIODONTITISadvancedperiodontitis.jpg
  • All of the above symptoms are very pronounced
  • Pocket depths exceed 6mm
  • Severe mobility and bone loss
  • Inability to chew or bite into hard food as it accompanied by pain
  • Possible need for extractions 



 


 



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